XFS vs ext4

XFS and ext4 are two popular file systems used in the Linux operating system. Each file system has its strengths and weaknesses, and the choice between them depends on the specific use case and requirements.

Let’s compare XFS and ext4 based on various factors:

Maturity and Adoption:

ext4: ext4 is the fourth extended file system for Linux and is a direct evolution of ext3. It has been around for a long time and is widely adopted and well-tested.
XFS: XFS is a high-performance file system developed by Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI). It has also been available for Linux for quite some time and has gained popularity over the years.

Maximum File System Size:

ext4: The maximum file system size in ext4 depends on the block size used, but it can support file systems of up to 1 exabyte (1EiB) in size.
XFS: XFS, on the other hand, supports significantly larger file systems, with a theoretical maximum of 8 exabytes (8 EiB) in size.

Maximum File Size:

ext4: The maximum individual file size in ext4 is 16 terabytes (16 TiB).
XFS: XFS allows for much larger individual file sizes, with a theoretical maximum of 8 exabytes (8 EiB).


Performance can vary based on use case and workload. In general, XFS is often considered better suited for high-performance scenarios, especially those involving large files and high-throughput workloads.
ext4 can be more efficient for general-purpose use and has shown good performance in various situations as well.


Both ext4 and XFS are journaling file systems, which means they provide better data integrity and faster recovery after system crashes or unexpected power loss.

Online Resizing:

ext4: ext4 supports online resizing, allowing you to grow or shrink the file system while it is mounted and in use.
XFS: XFS also supports online resizing, making it easy to resize the file system without unmounting it.


ext4: In general, ext4 requires more frequent defragmentation, especially with very large and heavily fragmented files.
XFS: XFS is designed to handle fragmentation better and often requires less frequent defragmentation.

Feature Sets:

Both file systems have different feature sets, and the choice of which features are relevant depends on your specific use case. For example, if you need to support extended attributes or ACLs (Access Control Lists), you might prefer one over the other.

In conclusion, ext4 and XFS are both reliable and widely used file systems in the Linux ecosystem. For most general-purpose use cases, ext4 is an excellent choice due to its widespread adoption, good performance, and stable track record. However, if you have specialized requirements, such as managing very large files or file systems, high-performance needs, or other specific features, XFS might be a more suitable option. Always consider your specific use case, performance requirements, and potential scalability needs before making a decision.